Qualified majority

A qualified majority is the number of votes needed in the Council for a decision to be adopted when the Treaties so require. Member States' votes are weighted on the basis of their population and corrected in favour of less-populated countries as follows: France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom 10 votes each; Spain 8 votes; Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands and Portugal 5 votes each; Austria and Sweden 4 votes each; Denmark, Ireland and Finland 3 votes each; Luxembourg 2 votes. A qualified majority is obtained when 62 votes out of 87 (71%) have been secured.


Council of the European Union
Weighting of votes in the Council